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Английский язык » Грамматика » Описательные обороты there is / there are

Описательные обороты there is / there are

Описательные обороты There is (There are) — (есть, имеется, находится) ставятся в начале предложения, а переводится такое предложение с конца. Рассмотрим следующую таблицу, которая отражает изменение выражений there is и there are во временах группы Simple :

present Утверждение Вопрос Отрицание
There is (There are) Is there... ? (Are there. .. ?) There is no… (There are no…)
There isn’t
any... (There aren’t any...)
There is a photograph on the wall.
There are some photographs on the wall.
Is there a photograph on the wall?
Are there any photographs on the wall?
What is there on the wall?
How many photographs are there on the wall?
There is no photograph on the wall.
There isn’t any photograph on the wall.
There are no photographs on the wall.
There aren’t any photographs on the wall.
past There was (There were) Was there… ? (Were there… ?) There was no… (There were no…)
There wasn’t any... (There weren’t any...)
There was a photograph on the wall.There were some photographs on the wall. Was there a photograph on the wall? Were there any photographs on the wall? What was there on the wall? How many photographs were there on the wall? There was no photograph on the wall.
There weren’t any photographs on the wall.
There was no photograph on the wall.
There weren’t any photographs on the wall.
future There will be Will there be…? There will be no…
There won’t be any…
There will be photograph on the wall.
There will be photographs on the wall.
Will there be a photograph on the wall?
Will there be photographs on the wall?
What will be there on the wall?
There will be no photograph(s) on the wall.
There won’t be any photograph(s) on the wall.

Внимание: помните о согласовании между первым существительным, которое описывается, и глаголом «to be».

There is a pen and 2 books on the table. HO! There are 2 books and a pen on the table.
There was a pen and 2 books on the table. HO! There were 2 books and a pen on the table.

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